BenG Pop-a-911-ster 36,146 Posted March 25, 2022 Share Posted March 25, 2022 (edited) The European Council and the European Parliament have provisionally agreed on the Digital Markets Act (DMA) - aimed to balance competition in the tech industry. Which companies will be affected? The law will only target "gatekeepers", defined as companies with a market capitalisation of €75bn, annual sales of €7.5bn, and at least 45 million monthly users. E.g. Alibaba, Alphabet, Amazon, Apple, Booking.com, Meta, Microsoft What are the obligations? A non-exhaustive list of obligations: Interoperability: Gatekeepers need to allow their platform to work with smaller platforms. E.g. a Facebook Messenger user must be able to contact a Signal user directly Right to uninstall: Users must be allowed to uninstall preloaded apps and choose their default apps when setting up their new devices E.g. a user must be able to choose Play Store as their default app store and uninstall App Store when setting up their new iPad Data access: Businesses should be allowed to access data they generate for gatekepers E.g. sellers on Amazon must be able to access Amazon's analytics on their performance Ending self-preferencing: Companies can’t use their platforms to rank their products first E.g. Play Store can no longer list Google Chrome at the top result for a search of browser apps in the Play Store, unless there has been a competitive tender for the spot Opening up app stores: Platform owners can no longer require app developers to use certain services in order to be listed in app stores E.g. iOS app developers do not need to use Apple's in-app purchase system to be allowed on the App Store Supplementary functionalities: Allow third parties to access extra built-in functionalities of a device E.g. iOS app developers must be allowed to have access to the NFC chip in iPhones What happens if gatekeepers don't comply? A fine of up to 10% of global turnover For repeat offenders, a fine of up to 20% of global turnover When will the DMA come into effect? The DMA is expected to come into force in October, with transition periods for integrations required to establish interoperability. Edited March 25, 2022 by BenG 1 Link to post Share on other sites More sharing options...
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