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2022 🇫🇷 Presidential Election: Emmanuel Macron wins re-election


Nightwing
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Welcome to the official thread for the upcoming French presidential election! I will be updating this thread with news, polling and eventually the results of the election. Everyone is welcome to share updates as well! But first a little background information if you're unfamiliar:

 

MAJOR PARTIES

 

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La République En Marche! | Centre/Centre-right

Spoiler

Meaning “Republic On The Move” in English, this party (often abbreviated to En Marche!) went from foundation to the most successful party in French elections in less than two years. The current French President Emmanuel Macron found it in 2016 as a centrist liberal party. Similar to the Liberal Democrats in the UK, the party stands for economic and social liberalism, along with pro-Europeanism. However, the party has shifted towards the right since 2017.

In addition to Macron winning the 2017 French presidential election, En Marche! was the largest party in that year’s parliamentary elections, winning 280 seats. It also holds 23 seats in the Senate.

 

The Republicans (France) - Wikipedia

Les Républicains | Centre-right

Spoiler

The former French President, Nicolas Sarkozy, found this mainstream conservative party in 2015. Belonging to the Gaullist political tradition, it rose from the ashes of the Popular Union Movement (Union pour un Mouvement Populaire – UMP). That itself was founded by another former president, Jacques Chirac, in 2002. The Republicans/UMP has been one of the major forces in 21st-century French politics.

The party covers a broad range of conservative ideologies ranging from liberal conservatism to neoconservatism. It formed a right-wing alliance with four other parties in the 2017 parliamentary elections but failed to win. However, it still holds a majority in the Senate. The party currently has 104 Assembly seats and 148 Senate seats. Its candidate in the 2017 French presidential election, François Fillon, came third in the first round of voting with 20%. The current leader is Christian Jacob.

 

Socialist Party (France) - Wikipedia

Parti socialiste | Centre-left

Spoiler

The Socialist Party is the main party on the left in France, although its support has declined in recent years. Founded in 1969 from an alliance of parties and organizations on the non-communist left, it has produced two French presidents – François Mitterrand (1981-86 and 1988-93) and François Hollande (2012-17).

Similar to mainstream left-wing parties elsewhere in Europe, the cornerstones of Socialist Party policy have been social democracy, Keynesian economics, and a strong welfare state. However, it has moved away from traditionally socialist policies over the years; for instance, it has allowed some privatization of the economy to take place.

The party had poor electoral campaigns in 2017. Its presidential candidate, Benoit Hamon, came fifth and it lost most of its seats in the legislative elections. It currently has 25 Assembly seats and 73 Senate seats. The current leader is Oliver Faure.

 

Illustrative image of the article Democratic Movement (France)

 

Mouvement démocrate – MoDem | Centre/Centre-right

Spoiler

MoDem was set up in 2007 by François Bayrou, who still leads the party. It is a successor to the Union for French Democracy (Union pour la démocratie française – UDF) and broadly follows the third-way ideology of social and economic liberalism as well as being a strong pro-Europe party.

The party’s similarities to En Marche! saw it join an alliance with Macron’s party in the 2017 parliamentary elections as well as support his successful presidential campaign that year. It currently has 46 seats in the Assembly and 5 seats in the Senate.

 

Rassemblement National - France

 

Rassemblement national | Far-right

Spoiler

The National Rally was founded as the National Front (Front National) in 1972 by Jean-Marie Le Pen. It is now led by his daughter Marine, who rebranded the party in 2018. The party is the most prominent far-right party in France and one of the most well-known and long-standing in Europe. French nationalism is the platform for the party which campaigns on anti-immigration (particularly from Islamic countries) and a zero- tolerance approach to law and order.

The National Rally is also a Eurosceptic party, although it has moderated its stance. It now calls for EU reform rather than withdrawal as well as keeping the Euro and staying in the Schengen Area. Although Marine Le Pen was runner-up in the 2017 presidential election – and is on course to repeat this in 2022 – the party has been less successful in parliamentary elections. It currently holds 6 Assembly seats and one Senate seat.

 

 

 

 

La France Insoumise - Wikipedia

La France Insoumise | Left-wing/Far-left

Spoiler

Founded in 2016, La France Insoumice – which translates as “Rebellious France” – is another new party in French politics. It pursues a radical democratic socialist platform that combines left-wing populism with eco-socialism. It is part of the Eurosceptic left.

Policies put forward by La France Insoumise include moving to a new Sixth Republic, exiting EU and NATO treaties, shutting down nuclear plants, and improving the rights and wages of workers. The party was founded by former Left Party co-president Jean-Luc Mélenchon, who came 4th in the 2017 French presidential race with 19.5%. It won 17 Assembly seats in the parliamentary elections that year.

 

French Communist Party - Wikipedia

Parti communiste français – PCF | Left-wing

Spoiler

Founded in 1920, the PCF was the major political force on the French left until the 1970s. However, nowadays it is less popular. The party is also less radical than some communist parties elsewhere in Europe. For example, it has participated in French governments in the past (1981-84 and 1997-2002).

However, one of the key goals of the party remains the eventual overthrow of capitalism along communist lines. It has also modernized its positions on several social issues in recent years and now supports LGBT rights, gender equality, and migrant rights. The PCF wants to replace the EU with a new communist-influenced European model.

The party has 12 Assembly seats and 14 in Senate. It supported the Mélenchon 2017 presidential campaign, and Fabien Roussel is the current party leader.

 

Europe Ecology – The Greens - Wikipedia

Europe Écologie Les Verts | Centre-left

Spoiler

This party was formed in 2010 from a merger between The Greens and Europe Ecology. Similar to many other green movements, the party combines green environmental policies with social democratic economics, pro-Europeanism, social justice, and support for direct democracy. Its policies include phasing out nuclear energy and increasing income taxes.

The Greens have been more oriented towards local government in elections, holding positions on city councils and in the European Parliament. The party also has 7 seats in the Senate. Julian Bayou is the current leader.

 

The government and political system in France

Spoiler

With modern political institutions dating back to 1789, France is one of the birthplaces of modern democracy. The current French government runs according to the Constitution of the Fifth Republic, which was enacted in 1958. France is a republic and a parliamentary democracy and has a hybrid presidential/parliamentary political system. The head of state is the French President who appoints the Prime Minister as head of government.

The French parliament is bicameral. The lower chamber is the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) which sits in the Palais Bourbon with 577 elected députés. The upper chamber is the Senate (Sénat) which sits inside the Luxembourg Palace. It has 348 senators elected by an electoral college of representatives. The Senate has been politically conservative in recent times, with a right-wing majority in all bar three years since 1958. Although the two chambers have similar powers, the National Assembly is the more prominent of the two.

The central French government is the main decision-making body in France and oversees policy development in areas such as healthcare, education, and public transport. However, there are three tiers of government below the national government that perform various administrative and legal functions: 18 regions (régions) including five overseas territories; 96 departments (départements); and around 35,000 communes.

France is 24th on the 2020 Democracy Index and ranks as having a “flawed democracy”.

 

The electoral system in France

Spoiler

French citizens vote in four types of elections: presidential, parliamentary, local, and European. National elections take place every five years whereas local elections (municipal, regional, and departmental) are usually every six years. Elections are always on a Sunday.

Polling place during an election in Strasbourg
France is one of only two European democracies – the other being the UK – that doesn’t use a form of proportional representation (PR) in its elections. The French President and MPs are elected using the two-round system. If no candidate wins at least 50% of the votes in the first round, then a second round takes place on a different day.

In presidential elections, only the top two candidates from round one participate in a second round, head-to-head. All parties can field candidates if they get enough support, and independents can also stand. Some parties, particularly the smaller ones, often choose to support candidates of other parties rather than field their own.

In parliamentary elections, 577 MPs (députés) are elected in single-seat constituencies. Each voter gets a single vote. Only candidates with the support of at least 12.5% of eligible (rather than actual) voters progress to round two. The winner is then the candidate with the most votes in round two. Local elections in France use a mixture of two-round and PR voting.

 

The formation of French government

Spoiler

Following the national elections, the newly elected French President appoints the Prime Minister (usually the leader of the party, or coalition of parties, with the most Assembly seats) who will then form a new French government. This consists of the Council of Ministers plus other ministers and Secretaries of State. Each ministerial appointment is subject to presidential approval.

There are currently 16 ministries in the French government. In contrast to countries such as the UK, the composition of the government in France is usually multi-party, even if one party wins an overall majority in the Assembly. Prime Ministers will often appoint politicians from supporting parties to ministerial positions. You can read more about how parliament works on the French government website.

 

Check out current polling here: https://www.politico.eu/europe-poll-of-polls/france/

 

Source: https://www.expatica.com/fr/living/gov-law-admin/french-government-107814/

Edited by Vengeance
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Here are some articles relating to the French election:

 

The RN about Zemmour: "To fight between us makes no sense"

Several personalities from the National Rally (RN) called on Monday Eric Zemmour, putative candidate in the 2022 presidential election, to “not divide the national camp” in the face of “gravedigger” Emmanuel Macron.

“We must not divide the forces of the national camp. (…) To fight between us makes no sense, ”insisted Sébastien Chenu, RN deputy from the North on franceinfo. "We only have an opponent Emmanuel Macron", "gravedigger of the national interest", argued the spokesperson for the RN, estimating Eric Zemmour "close" ideologically to the RN.

The RN mayor of Perpignan, Louis Aliot, sees in Eric Zemmour “the novelty in the political system”, which he also judges to be “in the same political family” as the RN. "But today it is dividing the national family," he lamented on CNews. "There is common ground, a desire - in any case, as far as we are concerned - to unite," assured Mr. Aliot, while Marine Le Pen is now closely followed by Eric Zemmour in the polls, and even exceeded in one of them, behind Emmanuel Macron: "It is up to him to take the step, not to us", he added, "convinced" that the curves of voting intentions "are will reverse ”in the coming weeks.

https://www.leparisien.fr/politique/le-rn-a-propos-de-zemmour-se-battre-entre-nous-na-aucun-sens-11-10-2021-QR27BTMRGVAR3LGUTDN6VRODYI.php#xtor=AD-1481423553

 

Macron ready to fight for the 2022 presidential election: "We can feel the sprinter on the starting line"

He is not yet a candidate, but the head of state has ants in his legs. His relatives and his ministers describe a president who dreams of doing battle and smelling the powder of the countryside.

https://www.leparisien.fr/elections/presidentielle/macron-pret-au-combat-pour-la-presidentielle-2022-on-sent-le-sprinter-sur-la-ligne-de-depart-10-10-2021-2S3ONATGUZEJDEBMCQ727445ZY.php#xtor=AD-1481423553

 

Presidential election 2022: Xavier Bertrand announces that he will participate in the LR congress

The president of the Hauts-de-France region announced Monday on TF1 that he agreed to submit to the vote of the members of the Les Républicains party during the congress on December 4.

He finally decided. Xavier Bertrand will participate in the closed primary of the right and will submit to the vote of the members of the Congress of Republicans (LR) scheduled for December 4. The president of the Hauts-de-France region, former member of LR, announced his decision on Monday, October 11, on TF1. “Yes, I will attend this congress because LR has ruled out the primary. I had said my opposition to the primary, the members clearly ruled out this primary and I thank them for it, ” he justified himself. “Divided, we are sure to lose. Together, we can win and I want to win. "

https://www.lemonde.fr/election-presidentielle-2022/article/2021/10/11/election-presidentielle-2022-xavier-bertrand-annonce-qu-il-participera-au-congres-lr-du-4-decembre_6097954_6059010.html?utm_campaign=Lehuit&utm_medium=Social&utm_source=Twitter

 

In Paris, Anne Hidalgo and her environmental allies on the verge of a nervous breakdown

The subject should have brought them together. But the debate organized at the Council of Paris, Wednesday, October 13, on the acceleration of the ecological transition, on the contrary, widened the gap between Anne Hidalgo and her main allies in the capital, the environmentalists. In front of the dumbfounded right-wing elected officials, the socialist mayor and the elected Greens sent a whole series of accusations in the face. Environmentalists criticized the "lack of ambition" and "major inconsistencies" of Ms. Hidalgo's projects , as well as her "bad faith". "Would you prefer to be applauded by Les Républicains?" , she retorted vigorously.Please choose your fights, choose your partners, and also choose your opponents! " Applause, booing.

While relations within the pink-red-green coalition which manages the city are, from the beginning, marked by mistrust, the socialist mayor's campaign for the Elysee Palace accentuates tensions, and sparks multiply.

https://www.lemonde.fr/politique/article/2021/10/13/a-paris-anne-hidalgo-et-ses-allies-ecologistes-au-bord-de-la-crise-de-nerfs_6098194_823448.html?utm_medium=Social&utm_source=Twitter#Echobox=1634129798

 

Presidential election 2022: Valérie Pécresse also challenges the primacy of European law, after the decision taken by Poland

Like Xavier Bertrand, Michel Barnier or Marine Le Pen, the presidential candidate challenged the primacy of European law over the “constitutional identities” of the Member States of the European Union.

"Europe exercises its magisterium within the framework of the treaties which are above our laws but cannot be above our constitutional identities, neither that of Poland, nor that of France" , however estimated Mr. Pécresse. “Europe is the Europe of nations ,” she continued. This means that our constitutional laws, our constitutional identity, each and every sovereign state, must take precedence over European jurisdiction. " Before her, other candidates at the Elysee had challenged the primacy of European law.

https://www.lemonde.fr/election-presidentielle-2022/article/2021/10/13/election-presidentielle-2022-valerie-pecresse-conteste-egalement-la-primaute-du-droit-europeen-apres-la-decision-prise-par-la-pologne_6098192_6059010.html?utm_medium=Social&utm_source=Twitter#Echobox=1634129754

 

Presidential: the left reopens the debate on the reduction of working hours

Anne Hidalgo like Yannick Jadot want to reopen the debate on the reduction of working time, a theme already carried by Fabien Roussel and Jean-Luc Mélenchon. On the left, only Arnaud Montebourg is opposed to it, judging the increase in wages as a priority.

https://www.leparisien.fr/politique/presidentielle-la-gauche-rouvre-le-debat-sur-la-reduction-du-temps-de-travail-14-10-2021-FH6FMKEQXZF5LP6U7HD7PSPNNI.php#xtor=AD-1481423553

 

Paris mayor Hidalgo wins Socialists' presidential nomination

Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo has been nominated as the presidential candidate of France's Socialist party, partial party vote results showed Thursday, despite her languishing in the race to unseat incumbent Emmanuel Macron.

The 62-year-old politician, who announced her plans to run for president a month ago, aims to revive the fortunes of the beleaguered Socialists in April's election with a campaign stressing environmental and social issues.

She won more than 72 percent of votes cast by party members on Thursday night, with more than 90 percent of total ballots counted, the Socialists' first secretary Olivier Faure said.

https://news.yahoo.com/paris-mayor-hidalgo-wins-socialists-215217014.html?guccounter=1&guce_referrer=aHR0cHM6Ly90LmNvLzRRSEtqN0pjNlQ_YW1wPTE&guce_referrer_sig=AQAAALPyp_1T6rvasF_zP6SYJe4KpLhVRNvy9uSI3sQjBB6y5rIz3GJRSZ45jlRlgP39yi1YhB07vefsg9AZClpTQRQVdlK0OeyW7Hf5FDfSR-mQz1i4fKjxy4BwVKT7GACyu1fDGGnJO3wdQRCaRbHcrLpbR-pU9KmbTne_d8hLk2mX

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Macron’s Transport minister on potential far-right candidate Eric Zemmour: "has a fairly Wokist policy", "an absolute fantasy about first names", but "poses intellectual debates which are quite interesting" :katy:

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A Popster Is Born 18,977
On 10/28/2021 at 6:31 PM, Paul Atreides said:

My French professor praising Macron and saying he has good policies :mess:

Are they a cat and did they praise the sanitary pass? :catwalk:

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One thing I’ve noticed from the French media is they’re constantly covering Anne Hidalgo and some are straight up praising her like this article from Le Monde. It seems she’s the media darling—which I’m not complaining about since she’s my favorite candidate :icant:

Edited by Paul Atreides
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  • Nightwing changed the title to 2022 French Presidential Election: Eric Zemmour creates new political party
  • 2 weeks later...
Popster to Popster 2,608

My current rankings on the candidates:

1. Anne Hidalgo

2. Yannick Jadot

3. Emmanuel Macron

4. Valérie Pécresse

5. Marine Le Pen

6. Jean-Luc Mélenchon

7. Eric Zemmour

Edited by Nightwing
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  • Nightwing changed the title to 2022 French Presidential Election: Emmanuel Macron maintains commanding lead in the polls
A Popster Is Born 17,790
On 1/26/2022 at 5:54 AM, Nightwing said:

Flop

Macron > Pécresse

Pls the way Macron is managing the covid since 2020 is a MESS 

So a huge NO

Edited by Miaou
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  • Nightwing changed the title to 2022 🇫🇷 Presidential Election: Emmanuel Macron wins re-election

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